Like many farmers, corn breeders had a tough time getting critical field operations completed in a timely manner in 2019, resulting in high amounts of quality issues in 2020 seed lots.
I can tell you firsthand that seed corn producers did everything they could to get the crop planted last spring and early summer. They struggled to find the best acres they could actually plant into. All the in-crop management practices such as de-tasseling, delayed planting of male rows, and even fertilizing were difficult at the least to get done. The result was more problems with cross-pollination, low yields, and poor germination scores. There were more seed lots discarded for 2020 than I’ve seen in a long time. This may well be why you had to switch hybrids this spring.
Soybean seed rejected during the cleaning and sorting process. Less-than-ideal conditions last year increased incidence of rejected seed in many varieties, contributing to shortages in key lines for the 2020 season.
With soybean seed production, companies really pushed to plant seed fields, too. However, when farmers decided to call it quits on planting and were forced to take prevent plant, it was the soybean acre that didn’t get in the ground. In some geographies, this has led to a serious shortage of some really good varieties. Late planting also resulted in smaller than normal yields and less supply. Cleanout was heavier in some lots due to pods at the top of the plants not filling out and smaller, shriveled seeds not making the cut in production. In some geographies, farmers simply ran out of season and green, discolored beans were discarded.